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Historical context

 "2000 years before JC, in the steppes of the North of the Central Asia and in Siberia, the Kyrgyz already breeded the horses. Many authors attest the presence of these kyrgyz horse, different from the Mongolian horses. They were forged besides by the natural environment from these areas a long time before the beginning of Mongolian civilization.

However, the existence of the Mongolian horses was much recognized and welknoxn that of the kyrgyz and Kazakh horses, however more numerous and with more remarkable qualities. And at the time of the Mongolian victories, all the horses of the area were indicated by the Mongolian name…
Many years later, the Cossacks, sent by the Tsars, used to breed and to ride these kyrgyz horses, thus constituting the armies of the Tsars".


Informations sur les bases fondamentales et l'evolution
de l'elevage du cheval de type novokirghiz au Kirghizstan
I.K. Elbegovich (Bichkek - 1991)


"The Kyrgyz horse is able to make very long distances, charged with burdens or trailing pieces of artillery; as it would be desirable as one practised on a great scale the improvement of the kyrgyz horses. It is probable that the crossing of Kyrgyz mares with Arab thorough-bred stallions, Karabaghes or Kabardins, would give the best results. The crossing of these mares with Russian stallions, gives also very good horses for harness".


Les chevaux et l'organisation
des services publics de voitures en Russie
G. Deniau (Paris - 1889)

 

1 - Kyrgyz horse high in the area of Toughai (Western), size 1m 36,
according to a photograph of colonel D.N. Dubenski (files JLG - Russia XIX century)
"The general administration of the stud farms of the State employs all the tools in its capacity to consolidate and improve the Kyrgyz horse, which will be able in the future to provide a rich to the breeding of the horses, not only in Russia, but in Europe in general.
A rather considerable number of Kyrgyz horses is currently bought for the irregular cavalry of the Cossacks of Orenburg and Ural; many of these horses are sended to the provinces of Samara and Saratow. One also sells some of them on the fairs in the province of Simbirsk and Perm, like in Rostow-on-the-Gift and in the province of Tauride".


Les races chevalines,
Dr L de Simonov et M. J. de Morder (Paris - 1884)


"About 1866, much of Russians migrated with sheeps and horses, sent initially in the North of Kyrgyzstan. At the end of the years 1890, the Russians gained the South of Kyrgyzstan. AT the beginning of XX century, they brought the famous Don horse.
The first national kyrgyz stud farm was created by K.C. Dimitriev in 1879 on the western banks of Issyk Kul, close to Ribachi. At the beginning, it had 2 stallions of Russian trotter type. In 1896, this stud farm counted 40 mares of this type and of the Kyrgyz horses - first and second generation - and 4 stallions Orlov thoroughbred.
Later, the success of these crossings ensured the development of this local horse, always very resistant and well adapted to these regions (the maximum age authorized for the males was 3 years). The stallions winned several races on the hippodrome of Karakol in 1912 (hippodrome builted in 1908). At the same time the breeding of Akhal Tekke was developed in Turkmenistan and in Ouzbekistan.
In 1930, where the populations reached the center of Russia, a department for the Kyrgyz ground distribution was created, which enabled them to acquire concessions for 36 years duration, in order to develop and to improve the breedings of horses and sheeps. Laws and quotas of breeding were imposed to them.
Russia, Ukraine, areas in Don and Kubani regions were depopulated and lost their stockbreeders in favour of the Kyrgyz region, on which the rise of the breeding was phenomenal".
Informations sur les bases fondamentales et l'evolution
de l'elevage du cheval de type novokirghiz au Kirghizstan


I. K. Elbegovich (Bichkek - 1991)


"Thirty years of selection and crossings carried out for the improvement of the Kyrgyz horse made it possible to increase considerably the size of the local horse, which had passed from 1,34 meter t (in 1919) to 1,64 meter, while its weight, which was 200 to 225 kilos in 1919, had reached 500 kilos".
Alchbeky Kylyrmaech


Vice-director of the Academy of Agriculture of the Kyrgyz Republic
Interview published in the newspaper Belyie Parohod (05/11/2005)

"In the years 1950, the Russian zootechnicians attested the success of the principle “of improvement of the Kyrgyz horse”: its crossing with the russian horses, larger and heavier, had given to the local horse the weight and the size, which made it more profitable in the industry of the meat and milk, and more rfast on the racecourses.
In 1956, this local horse was recognized like a horse type under the name of novokyrgyz, and having an official register.
At the same period, rules came to asepticize the traditional races of kyrgyz horses, which accompanied since always the festivities celebrating the various stages of the life of the nomads - birth, weddings, departure of a host of mark, funerary rite. True competitions of endurance, these races on long distances and in mountain, proceeded everywhere in the country.
Then the great funerary celebrations accompanied by horse-races were prohibited due to "survival of a feudalism dying man”.
Thus disappeared the Kyrgyz horse and, with him, the traditions which were associated to him".
Le cheval dans la culture kirghize
Jacqueline Ripart (Paris – 2002)

2 – Novokirghiz horse, 160 cm high, 167 cm long, thorax perimeter196 cm,
(National Library, Kyrgyzstan, 1954)
"In Kyrgyzstan, the regular races are currently races for speed on the european model, on short distances and hippodrome, that the Russians introduced since 1884; they are organized by public institutions and the horses which take part in it are those of the stud farms of the State".
L'usage des chevaux et l'organisation socio-familiale
des peuples turcophones de Siberie et d'Asie centrale.


Carole Ferret, ethnologist (France - 1994)



"One made me visit, in the district of Issyk-Kul, the stud farm n°54, which appears the principal establishment of equine breeding of Kyrgyzstan. After me to have shown with pride of the Thorough-bred (English), then horses from Don reagion (Caucasian) and Akhal-Teke (Turkmen), one finishes by bringning to me two horses named “Novokyrgyz “, who are in fact only one mixture, moreover unstable, of European and local horses. When I asked to see truths Kyrgyz horses, pure, noncross, not “improved”, it was answered me that they did not exist any more, or there, far, perhaps, in the mountains… ".
Lettre ? M. Salavat ISKAKOV, Ministre du Tourisme - Kirghizistan


J. L. Gouraud (Paris, le 12 mai 1992)


"Today, the stud farms of the State which guaranteed the breeding of the novokyzgyz horses and thorough-bred orses are in a bad condition, and even with the abandonment".
Etude sur les chevaux kirghiz


S. Omurzakov national Academy of the breeding (Kyrgyzstan - 1991)

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